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Project duration 01.04.2016 - 31.01.2019

MoKoM - Motivation and Competence in Music

In this project we investigate the influence of favorable motivational conditions on motivation and acquisition of competence in music. In an experimental approach, the influence of a motivation-oriented teaching on motivational orientations on the one hand and the acquisition of musical competencies on the other is investigated.


Own funds Professor McElvany

Project description

This study examines whether motivation for music lessons on the one hand and listening competences on the other hand can be fostered measurably by taking account of motivationally beneficial teaching conditions.

Schwarzer Schriftzug des Projektnamens MoKoM

As in other subjects, intrinsic motivation of students is an important goal, but an important condition of learning, too. In addition to motivation, acquisition of competence is a central goal of music teaching. An important area of ​​musical competences is listening to music. It is possible to deduce from the self-determination theory of motivation that the experience of autonomy, competence and relatedness in music lessons is both conducive to motivation and to the acquisition of competences.

In an experimental design, approximately 300 students of grade 6 are teached in one of three test conditions and tested at three measurement points (pre-, post- and follow-up test). Classes in Experimental Group 1 (EG1) receive a two-lesson teaching unit with materials on the topic of listening to music which were orientated at the concept of Audiation, taking into account the three basic needs of self-determination theory. In Experimental Group 2 (EG2) music lessons with the same materials are teached without systematic consideration of the motivational basic needs. Students in a Control Group (CG) receive two regular music lessons to other content areas during the same period.

It is expected that students in EG1, in contrast to students in EG2 and CG, report a higher experience of the basic needs after the end of the intervention and show a higher motivation for music lessons. Furthermore, it is assumed that increased motivation for music teaching (EG1 vs. EG2) is associated with a higher learning gain in the competence of listening to music. No increase in competence is expected for the CG. The study is intended to provide insights into the short- and medium-term impact of motivational support on competence development.

Lead researcher at IFS

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Location & approach

The most convenient highway exits are on the B 1/A 40 (Dortmund-Barop) (closer to the North Campus) and on the A45 (Dortmund-Eichlinghofen). The university is signposted at both exits. In the local road network you will find signs to Campus Nord, where the Campus Treff is also located. From Emil-Figge-Strasse, entrance no. 18 and from Vogelspothsweg entrance no. 23 lead to parking spaces near the venue.

From Dortmund main station, take the S-Bahn "S1" in the direction of Solingen on track 7 to the stop "Dortmund-Universität" (price level A). The S-Bahn runs every 15 minutes during peak hours on weekdays and takes about 6 minutes. From Düsseldorf, the S-Bahn runs every 30 minutes. Directly at the S-Bahn station you will find the CDI building, which houses the Center for Research on Education and School Development.

One of the university's landmarks is the H-Bahn, which has two terminuses on the North Campus. One is located directly above the S-Bahn station and is easily accessible from it by elevators. The other is located in the center of Campus North at the bridge between the University Library and the Mensa, right next to the Audimax. The H-Bahn runs from here to the South Campus and the Eichlinghofen district.

Dortmund has an airport connected with some destinations in Central Europe. There are regular flights, for example, to Amsterdam, Berlin, Dresden, Katowice, Krakow, Leipzig-Halle, London, Munich, Nuremberg, Paris, Poznan, Stuttgart, Vienna and Zurich. For the approximately 20 kilometers from the Dortmund airport to the campus, you can take the bus to the main train station and from there the S-Bahn. Faster is usually the use of a cab. Far more international flight connections are offered by the Rhine-Ruhr Airport in Düsseldorf, about 60 kilometers away, which can be reached directly by S-Bahn from the university station.